We have the most experienced and qualified team offering the widest range of MRI scans. Traumstrände, Korallenriffe und spannende Ausflugsziele: Trinidad & Tobago gehören zu den schönsten Inseln der Karibik - jetzt bei MEIERS WELTREISEN. Erfahren Sie mehr über die Hochschulen und das Bildungssystem in Trinidad und Tobago.
Trinidad (Insel)Erfahren Sie mehr über die Hochschulen und das Bildungssystem in Trinidad und Tobago. Trinidad und Tobago: Reise- und Sicherheitshinweise (COVIDbedingte Reisewarnung) Trinidad und Tobago. Stand - . We have the most experienced and qualified team offering the widest range of MRI scans.
Trinidad Menu de navigation VideoWorld Wetlands Day- Mangroves of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad und Tobago (deutsch [ˈtrɪnidatˀʊnt toˈbaːgo], englisch [ ˈtɹɪnɪdædəntəˈbeɪgoʊ]) ist ein karibischer Inselstaat, der die Inseln Trinidad und. Trinidad (spanisch für „Dreifaltigkeit“) ist eine Insel im karibischen Meer und die größte Insel der Kleinen Antillen sowie ein Teil des Territoriums des Inselstaates. Trinidad und Tobago: Reise- und Sicherheitshinweise (COVIDbedingte Reisewarnung) Trinidad und Tobago. Stand - . Traumstrände, Korallenriffe und spannende Ausflugsziele: Trinidad & Tobago gehören zu den schönsten Inseln der Karibik - jetzt bei MEIERS WELTREISEN.
In the Northern Range of Trinidad, the climate is often cooler than that of the sweltering heat of the plains below, due to constant cloud and mist cover, and heavy rains in the mountains.
Because Trinidad and Tobago lies on the continental shelf of South America, and in ancient times were physically connected to the South American mainland, its biological diversity is unlike that of most other Caribbean islands, and has much more in common with that of Venezuela.
On 1 August , Trinidad and Tobago ratified the Rio Convention on Biological Diversity , and it has produced a biodiversity action plan and four reports describing the country's contribution to biodiversity conservation.
These reports formally acknowledged the importance of biodiversity to the well-being of the country's people through provision of ecosystem services.
Information about vertebrates is good, with bird species 2 endemics , about mammals, about 90 reptiles a few endemics , about 30 amphibians including several endemics , 50 freshwater fish and at least marine fish.
There are at least 47 species of snakes, including only four dangerous venomous species only in Trinidad and not in Tobago , lizards such as the green iguana , the Tupinambis cryptus and a few species of fresh water turtles and land tortoises.
Of the amphibians, the golden tree frog is found only in the highest peaks of Trinidad's Northern Range and nearby in those of Venezuela 's Paria Peninsula.
Trinidad and Tobago is noted particularly for its large number of bird species, and is a popular destination for bird watchers.
Notable species include the scarlet ibis , cocrico , egret , shiny cowbird , bananaquit , oilbird and various species of honeycreeper , trogon , toucan , parrot , tanager , woodpecker , antbird , kites , hawks , boobies , pelicans and vultures ; there are also 17 species of hummingbird , including the tufted coquette which is the world's third smallest.
Information about invertebrates is dispersed and very incomplete. About butterflies,  at least beetles from Tobago alone  and 40 corals  have been recorded.
Although the list is far from complete, 1, species of fungi, including lichens, have been recorded. Information about micro-organisms is dispersed and very incomplete.
Nearly species of marine algae have been recorded. Thanks to a recently published checklist, plant diversity in Trinidad and Tobago is well documented with about 3, species 59 endemic recorded.
The country had a Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 6. Threats to the country's biodiversity include over-hunting and poaching see Hunting Trinidad and Tobago , habitat loss and fragmentation particularly due to forest fires and land clearance for quarrying, agriculture, squatting, housing and industrial development and road construction , water pollution, and introduction of invasive species and pathogens.
Trinidad and Tobago is a republic with a two-party system and a bicameral parliamentary system based on the Westminster System.
The head of state of Trinidad and Tobago is the President , currently Paula-Mae Weekes. The Prime Minister is elected following a general election which takes place every five years.
The President is required to appoint the leader of the party who in his or her opinion has the most support of the members of the House of Representatives to this post; this has generally been the leader of the party which won the most seats in the previous election except in the case of the General Elections.
Since Tobago has also had its own elections, separate from the general elections. In these elections, members are elected and serve in the unicameral Tobago House of Assembly.
Parliament consists of the Senate 31 seats and the House of Representatives 41 seats, plus the Speaker.
The 41 members of the House of Representatives are elected by the people for a maximum term of five years in a " first past the post " system.
Trinidad is split into 14 regional corporations and municipalities , consisting of nine regions and five municipalities, which have a limited level of autonomy.
Elections are held every three years. The two main parties are the People's National Movement PNM and the United National Congress UNC.
Support for these parties appears to fall along ethnic lines, with the PNM consistently obtaining a majority of Afro-Trinidadian vote, and the UNC gaining a majority of Indo-Trinidadian support.
Several smaller parties also exist. As of the August General Elections, there were 19 registered political parties.
These include, the Progressive Empowerment Party, Trinidad Humanity Campaign, New National Vision, Movement for Social Justice, Congress of the People, Movement for National Development, Progressive Democratic Patriots, National Coalition for Transformation, Progressive Party, Independent Liberal Party, Democratic Party of Trinidad and Tobago, National Organisation of We the People, Unrepresented Peoples Party, Trinidad and Tobago Democratic Front, The National Party, One Tobago Voice, and Unity of the Peoples.
The Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force TTDF is the military organisation responsible for the defence of the twin island Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.
Established in after Trinidad and Tobago's independence from the United Kingdom, the TTDF is one of the largest military forces in the Anglophone Caribbean.
Its mission statement is to "defend the sovereign good of The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, contribute to the development of the national community and support the State in the fulfillment of its national and international objectives".
The Defence Force has been engaged in domestic incidents, such as the Coup Attempt , and international missions, such as the United Nations Mission in Haiti between and In , Trinidad and Tobago signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.
Trinidad and Tobago maintains close relations with its Caribbean neighbours and major North American and European trading partners.
As the most industrialised and second-largest country in the Anglophone Caribbean, Trinidad and Tobago has taken a leading role in the Caribbean Community CARICOM , and strongly supports CARICOM economic integration efforts.
It also is active in the Summit of the Americas process and supports the establishment of the Free Trade Area of the Americas , lobbying other nations for seating the Secretariat in Port of Spain.
As a member of CARICOM, Trinidad and Tobago strongly backed efforts by the United States to bring political stability to Haiti , contributing personnel to the Multinational Force in After its independence, Trinidad and Tobago joined the United Nations and Commonwealth of Nations.
In it became the first Commonwealth country to join the Organization of American States OAS. In international forums, Trinidad and Tobago has defined itself as having an independent voting record, but often supports US and EU positions.
Trinidad and Tobago has in recent decades suffered from a relatively high crime rate;   there are currently roughly murders per year.
Though there have been no terrorism-related incidents in the country since the Islamic coup attempt , Trinidad and Tobago remains a potential target; for example, in February a plan to attack the Carnival was foiled by police.
The country's prison administration is the Trinidad and Tobago Prison Service TTPS , it is under the control of the Commissioner of Prisons Gerard Wilson, located in Port-of-Spain.
The total prison population, including pre-trial detainees and remand prisoners, is 3, prisoners. The population rate of pre-trial detainees and remand prisoners is per , of the national population In , the female prison population rate is 8.
Prisoners that are minors makes up 1. The occupancy level of Trinidad and Tobago's prison system is at The population of the country currently stands at 1,, July est.
The ethnic composition of Trinidad and Tobago reflects a history of conquest and immigration. Indo-Trinidadian and Tobagonians make up the country's largest ethnic group approximately Through cultural preservation many residents of Indian descent continue to maintain traditions from their ancestral homeland.
Indo-Trinidadians reside primarily on Trinidad; as of the census only 2. Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians make up the country's second largest ethnic group, with approximately This group constitute the majority on Tobago, at The bulk of the rest of the population are those who identify as being of mixed heritage.
Arima on Trinidad is a noted centre of Amerindian culture. English is the country's official language the local variety of standard English is Trinidadian and Tobagonian English or more properly, Trinidad and Tobago Standard English, abbreviated as "TTSE" , but the main spoken language is either of two English-based creole languages Trinidadian Creole or Tobagonian Creole , which reflects the Amerindian, European, African, and Asian heritage of the nation.
Both creoles contain elements from a variety of African languages; Trinidadian English Creole, however, is also influenced by French and French Creole Patois.
The variant of Caribbean Hindustani that is spoken in Trinidad and Tobago is known as Trinidadian Hindustani , Trinidadian Bhojpuri , Plantation Hindustani , or Gaon ke Bolee Village Speech.
In , Indian movies began showing to audiences in Trinidad. Most of the Indian movies were in the Standard Hindustani Hindi-Urdu dialect and this modified Trinidadian Hindustani slightly by adding Standard Hindi and Urdu phrases and vocabulary to Trinidadian Hindustani.
Indian movies also revitalized Hindustani among Indo-Trinidadian and Tobagonians. Today Hindustani survives on through Indo-Trinidadian and Tobagonian musical forms such as, Bhajan , Indian classical music , Indian folk music , Filmi , Pichakaree , Chutney , Chutney soca , and Chutney parang.
As of , there are about 15, Indo-Trinidadian and Tobagonians who speak Trinidadian Hindustani and as of , there are 10, who speak Standard Hindi.
Many Indo-Trinidadians and Tobagonians today speak a type of Hinglish that consist of Trinidadian and Tobagonian English that is heavily laced with Trinidadian Hindustani vocabulary and phrases and many Indo-Trinidadians and Tobagonians can recite phrases or prayers in Hindustani today.
There are many places in Trinidad and Tobago that have names of Hindustani origin. Some phrases and vocabulary have even made its way into the mainstream English and English Creole dialect of the country.
Visham Bhimull. The Tamil language is spoken by some of the older Tamil Madrasi Indo-Trinidadian and Tobagonian population.
It is mostly spoken by the few remaining children of indentured Indian labourers from the present-day state of Tamil Nadu in India.
Other speakers of the language are recent immigrants from Tamil Nadu. The Chinese language first came to Trinidad and Tobago in , when the British had brought Chinese labourers in order to determine if they were fit to use as labourers after the abolition of slavery.
In the 20th century after the years of indentureship up to the present-day more Chinese people have immigrated to Trinidad and Tobago for business and they speak the dialects of the indenturees along with other Chinese dialects, such as Mandarin and Min.
Dyer Ball, writing in , says: "In Trinidad there were, about twenty years ago, 4, or 5, Chinese, but they have decreased to probably about 2, or 3,, [2, in ].
They used to work in sugar plantations, but are now principally shopkeepers, as well as general merchants, miners and railway builders, etc.
The indigenous languages were Yao on Trinidad and Karina on Tobago, both Cariban, and Shebaya on Trinidad, which was Arawakan.
According to the census,  Roman Catholics were the largest single religious group in Trinidad and Tobago with The remaining population is made of various Christian denominations Spiritual Shouter Baptists 5.
Respondents who did not state a religious affiliation represented Hindus were the second largest group with Muslims represent 4. There has also been a Jewish community on the islands for many centuries, however their numbers have never been large, with a estimating putting the Jewish population at 55 individuals.
African-derived or Afrocentric religions are also practised, notably Trinidad Orisha Yoruba believers 0. Two African syncretic faiths, the Shouter or Spiritual Baptists and the Orisha faith formerly called Shangos , a less than complimentary term [ citation needed ] are among the fastest growing religious groups.
Similarly, there is a noticeable increase in numbers of Evangelical Protestant and Fundamentalist churches usually lumped as " Pentecostal " by most Trinidadians, although this designation is often inaccurate.
Several eastern religions such as Buddhism and Chinese folk religions such as Taoism and Confucianism are followed by a minority of Chinese Trinidadian and Tobagonian.
Children generally start pre-school at two and a half years but this is not mandatory. They are however, expected to have basic reading and writing skills when they commence primary school.
Students proceed to a primary school at the age of five years. Seven years are spent in primary school. The seven classes of primary school consists of First Year and Second Year, followed by Standard One through Standard Five.
During the final year of primary school, students prepare for and sit the Secondary Entrance Assessment SEA which determines the secondary school the child will attend.
Students attend secondary school for a minimum of five years, leading to the CSEC Caribbean Secondary Education Certificate examinations, which is the equivalent of the British GCSE O levels.
Children with satisfactory grades may opt to continue high school for a further two-year period, leading to the Caribbean Advanced Proficiency Examinations CAPE , the equivalent of GCE A levels.
Both CSEC and CAPE examinations are held by the Caribbean Examinations Council CXC. Public Primary and Secondary education is free for all, although private and religious schooling is available for a fee.
Tertiary education for tuition costs are provided for via GATE The Government Assistance for Tuition Expenses , up to the level of the bachelor's degree, at the University of the West Indies UWI , the University of Trinidad and Tobago UTT , the University of the Southern Caribbean USC , the College of Science, Technology and Applied Arts of Trinidad and Tobago COSTAATT and certain other local accredited institutions.
Government also currently subsidises some Masters programmes. Both the Government and the private sector also provide financial assistance in the form of academic scholarships to gifted or needy students for study at local, regional or international universities.
Trinidad and Tobago is the most developed nation and one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean and is listed in the top 40 information of the 70 high-income countries in the world.
Tourism and manufacturing are also important to the local economy. Tourism is a growing sector, particular on Tobago, although proportionately it is much less important than in many other Caribbean islands.
Agricultural products include citrus and cocoa. It also supplies manufactured goods, notably food, beverages, and cement, to the Caribbean region.
Trinidad and Tobago is the leading Caribbean producer of oil and gas, and its economy is heavily dependent upon these resources.
Additional petrochemical, aluminium, and plastics projects are in various stages of planning. The country is also a regional financial centre, and the economy has a growing trade surplus.
The nation is an exporter of LNG and supplied a total of The largest markets for Trinidad and Tobago's LNG exports are Chile and the United States.
Trinidad and Tobago has transitioned from an oil-based economy to a natural gas based economy. In , natural gas production totalled Trinidad and Tobago is far less dependent on tourism than many other Caribbean countries and territories, with the bulk of tourist activity occurring on Tobago.
Historically agricultural production for example, sugar and coffee dominated the economy, however this sector has been in steep decline since the 20th century and now forms just 0.
Trinidad and Tobago, in an effort to undergo economic transformation through diversification,  formed InvesTT in to serve as the country's sole investment promotion agency.
This agency is aligned to the Ministry of Trade and Industry and is to be the key agent in growing the country's non-oil and gas sectors significantly and sustainably.
Trinidad and Tobago has a well developed communications sector. This represented a 1. There are several providers for each segment of the telecommunications market.
The Government of Trinidad and Tobago has recognised the creative industries as a pathway to economic growth and development. It is one of the newest, most dynamic sectors where creativity, knowledge and intangibles serve as the basic productive resource.
In , the Trinidad and Tobago Creative Industries Company Limited CreativeTT was established as a state agency under the Ministry of Trade and Industry with a mandate to stimulate and facilitate the business development and export activities of the Creative Industries in Trinidad and Tobago to generate national wealth, and, as such, the company is responsible for the strategic and business development of the three 3 niche areas and sub sectors currently under its purview — Music , Film and Fashion.
MusicTT , FilmTT and FashionTT are the subsidiaries established to fulfil this mandate. The transport system in Trinidad and Tobago consists of a dense network of highways and roads across both major islands, ferries connecting Port of Spain with Scarborough and San Fernando , and international airports on both islands.
Public transportation options on land are public buses, private taxis and minibuses. By sea, the options are inter-island ferries and inter-city water taxis.
The island of Trinidad is served by Piarco International Airport located in Piarco , which opened on 8 January The airport consists of two terminals, the North Terminal and the South Terminal.
The older South Terminal underwent renovations in for use as a VIP entrance point during the 5th Summit of the Americas.
The North Terminal was completed in , and consists of  second-level aircraft gates with jetways for international flights, two ground-level domestic gates and 82 ticket counter positions.
In the passenger throughput at Piarco International Airport was approximately 2. It is the seventh busiest airport in the Caribbean and the third busiest in the English-speaking Caribbean, after Sangster International Airport and Lynden Pindling International Airport.
The airline is wholly owned by the Government of Trinidad and Tobago. The Island of Tobago is served by the A. Robinson International Airport in Crown Point.
There are regular flights between the two islands, with fares being heavily subsidised by the Government. Trinidad was formerly home to a railway network , however this was closed down in This vulnerability led CARICOM to develop an Energy Policy which was approved in This policy is accompanied by the CARICOM Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy C-SERMS.
In Trinidad and Tobago was the third country in the world which emitted the most CO 2 per capita after Qatar and Curacao according to the World Bank.
In comparison, the world average was 5. It also carries out equipment testing and calibration for major industries. Trinidad and Tobago has a diverse culture mixing Indian, African, Creole, Chinese, Amerindian, Arab, Latino, and European influences, reflecting the various communities who have migrated to the islands over the centuries.
The island is particularly renowned for its annual Carnival celebrations. Trinidad and Tobago claims two Nobel Prize -winning authors, V.
Naipaul and St Lucian -born Derek Walcott who also founded the Trinidad Theatre Workshop. Other notable writers include Neil Bissoondath , Vahni Capildeo , Earl Lovelace , Seepersad Naipaul , Shiva Naipaul , Lakshmi Persaud , Kenneth Ramchand , Arnold Rampersad , and Samuel Selvon.
Robinson , M. Callow , T. Clements , H. Costa , A. DeGemmis , P. Elsen , J. Ervin , P. Franco , E. Goldman , S. Goetz , A.
Hansen , E. Hofsvang , P. Jantz , S. Jupiter , A. Kang , P. East of this Rock Dome are en echelon folds containing the Lizard Springs Field.
South of these folds is another fold trend containing the Moruga-East, Guayaguayare, Beach, and Galeota Fields. South of the Morne Diablo-Quinam Erin Field westward is a strongly folded anticline associated with shale diapirism , which extends west southwestward to the Pedernales Field in southeast Venezuela.
The northeast portion of the Southern Range separates into a northern trend containing the Lizard Springs, Navette, and Mayaro Fields, while the southern trend contains the Beach Field.
Trinidad is considered one of the best places in the world to catch Atlantic tarpon. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the island. For other uses, see Trinidad disambiguation. The larger of the two major islands which make up the nation of Trinidad and Tobago.
Location of Trinidad in the Lesser Antilles. Main article: History of Trinidad and Tobago. Main article: Demographics of Trinidad and Tobago.
Main article: Religion in Trinidad and Tobago. Further information: Natural history of Trinidad and Tobago. Trinidad and Tobago portal Caribbean portal Islands portal.
Trinidad and Tobago Central Statistical Office. Retrieved 27 May Retrieved 29 July The New Trinidad and Tobago: A Descriptive Account of the Geography and History of Trinidad and Tobago.
London and Glasgow: Collins. World Digital Library. Retrieved 25 October Race Relations in Colonial Trinidad Cambridge University Press.
There are many endangered leatherback sea turtle nesting sites on the islands, the most notable of which is perhaps Matura Beach, on Trinidad.
The forests on both Trinidad and Tobago are hunting grounds for small game, the most-sought-after being the paca , or lappe.
Other animals include the agouti a short-haired, short-eared, rabbitlike rodent , quenck collared peccary; a wild hog , tattoo an armadillo , prehensile-tailed porcupine, and iguana.
Four main groups of reptiles are present on the islands: snakes, lizards, turtles, and crocodiles one kind, the caiman, related to the alligators.
Trinidad and Tobago Article Media Additional Info. Article Contents. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter.
Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login.
External Websites. Jewish Virtual Library - Trinidad and Tobago Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Trinidad and Tobago Official Tourism Site of Trinidad and Tobago Maps of World - Trinidad And Tobago Map.
Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. David Watts See All Contributors Dean, School of Earth Resources, University of Hull, England.
Author of The West Indies Patterns of Development and others.Trinidad and Tobago is the 5 th largest island country in West Indies and the most industrialised and prosperous nation in the Caribbean. Located on the Gulf of Paria, in the north western coast of the island of Trinidad is Port of Spain – the capital city of Trinidad and Tobago. In Trinidad, pristine mangrove swamps and rainforested hills sit side by side with smoke-belching oil refineries and unpretty industrial estates. Tobago has everything you’d expect from a Caribbean island, with palm trees and white sand aplenty, yet it’s relatively unchanged by the tourist industry. Trinidad has two seasons per the calendar year: the rainy season and the dry season. El Cerro del Aripo, at metres (3, ft), is the highest point in Trinidad. It is part of the Aripo Massif and is located in the Northern Range on the island, northeast of the town of Arima. Trinidad and Tobago obtained independence in , becoming a republic in Trinidad and Tobago has the third highest GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP) in the Americas after the United States and Canada. It is recognised by the World Bank as a high-income economy. Trinidad and Tobago, island country of the southeastern West Indies. It consists of two main islands—Trinidad and Tobago—and several smaller islands. Forming the two southernmost links in the Caribbean chain, Trinidad and Tobago lie close to the continent of South America, northeast of Venezuela and northwest of Guyana.