November in den USA und am 4. Dezember in Deutschland an. Außerdem ist der Film Madagascar 3: Flucht durch Europa (auch in 3D) am 2. Oktober. nicht mangeln: Fox hat nun die deutschen Starttermine für "Die Croods 2", "Madagascar 4" und "Der gestiefelte Kater 2" bekannt gegeben. Löwe Alex, Zebra Marty, Giraffe Melman und Nilpferd-Dame Gloria sind die Stars im Zoo des New Yorker Central Park. Doch Marty ist traurig: Die Sehnsucht.
Deutsche Starttermine für "Die Croods 2", "Madagascar 4" und "Der gestiefelte Kater 2"November in den USA und am 4. Dezember in Deutschland an. Außerdem ist der Film Madagascar 3: Flucht durch Europa (auch in 3D) am 2. Oktober. Alles zum Film «Madagascar 4 ()»: Reviews, Trailer, Bilder, Kinoprogramm und vieles mehr. Madagascar 4. In der Fortsetzung der Animationsfilmreihe erleben die New Yorker Zootiere Alex, Marty, Melman und Gloria ein neues, aufregendes Abenteuer.
Madagaskar 4 Navigation menu VideoMadagaskar 4 - 1080p FULL HD ★ Süper Tam Animasyon Filmi Türkçe Dublaj İzle
Peringkat dari wisatawan. Kategori hotel. Murah 0. Kelas menengah Mewah Sesuai untuk keluarga Novotel 2.
GuesthouseIN 1. Hapus semua penyaring. Urut berdasarkan:. Memperbarui daftar L'Heure Bleue. The High Constitutional Court observed in its decision that, in the absence of a language law, French still had the character of an official language.
In the Constitution of , Malagasy remained the national language while official languages were reintroduced: Malagasy, French, and English. Religion in Madagascar according to the Pew Research Center .
According to the U. The veneration of ancestors has led to the widespread tradition of tomb building, as well as the highlands practice of the famadihana , whereby a deceased family member's remains are exhumed and re-wrapped in fresh silk shrouds, before being replaced in the tomb.
The famadihana is an occasion to celebrate the beloved ancestor's memory, reunite with family and community, and enjoy a festive atmosphere.
Residents of surrounding villages are often invited to attend the party, where food and rum are typically served, and a hiragasy troupe or other musical entertainment is commonly present.
It is widely believed that by showing respect for ancestors in these ways, they may intervene on behalf of the living. Conversely, misfortunes are often attributed to ancestors whose memory or wishes have been neglected.
The sacrifice of zebu is a traditional method used to appease or honor the ancestors. In addition, the Malagasy traditionally believe in a creator god, called Zanahary or Andriamanitra.
Today, many Christians integrate their religious beliefs with traditional ones related to honoring the ancestors. For instance, they may bless their dead at church before proceeding with traditional burial rites or invite a Christian minister to consecrate a famadihana reburial.
Islam is also practiced on the island. Islam was first brought to Madagascar in the Middle Ages by Arab and Somali Muslim traders, who established several Islamic schools along the eastern coast.
While the use of Arabic script and loan words and the adoption of Islamic astrology would spread across the island, the Islamic religion took hold in only a handful of southeastern coastal communities.
The vast majority of Muslims are Sunni. Muslims are divided between those of Malagasy ethnicity, Indians, Pakistanis and Comorans.
More recently, Hinduism was introduced to Madagascar through Gujarati people immigrating from the Saurashtra region of India in the late 19th century.
Most Hindus in Madagascar speak Gujarati or Hindi at home. Each of the many ethnic subgroups in Madagascar adhere to their own set of beliefs, practices and ways of life that have historically contributed to their unique identities.
However, there are a number of core cultural features that are common throughout the island, creating a strongly unified Malagasy cultural identity.
In addition to a common language and shared traditional religious beliefs around a creator god and veneration of the ancestors, the traditional Malagasy worldview is shaped by values that emphasize fihavanana solidarity , vintana destiny , tody karma , and hasina , a sacred life force that traditional communities believe imbues and thereby legitimates authority figures within the community or family.
Other cultural elements commonly found throughout the island include the practice of male circumcision; strong kinship ties; a widespread belief in the power of magic, diviners, astrology and witch doctors; and a traditional division of social classes into nobles, commoners, and slaves.
Although social castes are no longer legally recognized, ancestral caste affiliation often continues to affect social status, economic opportunity, and roles within the community.
Similarly, the nobles of many Malagasy communities in the pre-colonial period would commonly employ advisers known as the ombiasy from olona-be-hasina , "man of much virtue" of the southeastern Antemoro ethnic group, who trace their ancestry back to early Arab settlers.
The diverse origins of Malagasy culture are evident in its tangible expressions. The most emblematic instrument of Madagascar, the valiha , is a bamboo tube zither carried to Madagascar by early settlers from southern Borneo , and is very similar in form to those found in Indonesia and the Philippines today.
The Southeast Asian cultural influence is also evident in Malagasy cuisine , in which rice is consumed at every meal, typically accompanied by one of a variety of flavorful vegetable or meat dishes.
Cattle rustling , originally a rite of passage for young men in the plains areas of Madagascar where the largest herds of cattle are kept, has become a dangerous and sometimes deadly criminal enterprise as herdsmen in the southwest attempt to defend their cattle with traditional spears against increasingly armed professional rustlers.
A wide variety of oral and written literature has developed in Madagascar. One of the island's foremost artistic traditions is its oratory, as expressed in the forms of hainteny poetry , kabary public discourse and ohabolana proverbs.
The plastic arts are also widespread throughout the island. In addition to the tradition of silk weaving and lamba production, the weaving of raffia and other local plant materials has been used to create a wide array of practical items such as floor mats, baskets, purses and hats.
Sculptors create a variety of furniture and household goods, aloalo funerary posts, and wooden sculptures, many of which are produced for the tourist market.
Among the Antaimoro people, the production of paper embedded with flowers and other decorative natural materials is a long-established tradition that the community has begun to market to eco-tourists.
A number of traditional pastimes have emerged in Madagascar. Moraingy , a type of hand-to-hand combat, is a popular spectator sport in coastal regions.
It is traditionally practiced by men, but women have recently begun to participate. Among the most emblematic is fanorona , a board game widespread throughout the Highland regions.
According to folk legend, the succession of King Andrianjaka after his father Ralambo was partially the result of the obsession that Andrianjaka's older brother may have had with playing fanorona to the detriment of his other responsibilities.
Western recreational activities were introduced to Madagascar over the past two centuries. Rugby union is considered the national sport of Madagascar.
Madagascar sent its first competitors to the Olympic Games in , and has also competed in the African Games. Membership in was estimated at 14, Because of its advanced sports facilities, Antananarivo gained the hosting rights for several of Africa's top international basketball events, including the FIBA Africa Championship ,  the FIBA Africa Championship for Women ,  the FIBA Africa Under Championship ,  the FIBA Africa Under Championship ,  and the FIBA Africa Under Championship for Women.
Malagasy cuisine reflects the diverse influences of Southeast Asian , African , Indian , Chinese and European culinary traditions.
The complexity of Malagasy meals can range from the simple, traditional preparations introduced by the earliest settlers, to the refined festival dishes prepared for the island's 19th-century monarchs.
Throughout almost the entire island, the contemporary cuisine of Madagascar typically consists of a base of rice vary served with an accompaniment laoka.
The many varieties of laoka may be vegetarian or include animal proteins, and typically feature a sauce flavored with such ingredients as ginger, onion, garlic, tomato, vanilla, coconut milk, salt, curry powder, green peppercorns or, less commonly, other spices or herbs.
In parts of the arid south and west, pastoral families may replace rice with maize, cassava , or curds made from fermented zebu milk.
A wide variety of sweet and savory fritters as well as other street foods are available across the island, as are diverse tropical and temperate-climate fruits.
Locally produced beverages include fruit juices, coffee, herbal teas and teas, and alcoholic drinks such as rum , wine, and beer.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Island country in the Indian Ocean. This article is about the island country.
For the film franchise, see Madagascar franchise. For other uses, see Madagascar disambiguation and Malagasy disambiguation.
Oh, Beloved Land of our Ancestors! Malagasy French. Main articles: Geography of Madagascar and Geology of Madagascar.
The terraced paddy fields of the central highlands of Madagascar left give way to tropical rainforest along the eastern coast right. The grassy plains that dominate the western landscape are dotted with stony massifs left , patches of deciduous forest, and baobab trees right , while the south is characterized by desert and spiny forests.
Main articles: Wildlife of Madagascar , Flora of Madagascar , Fauna of Madagascar , Agroecology in Madagascar , Ecoregions of Madagascar , and List of World Heritage Sites in Madagascar.
Main articles: Deforestation in Madagascar and Illegal logging in Madagascar. Tavy slash-and-burn destruction of native forest habitat is widespread Top , causing massive erosion Bottom.
Main article: History of Madagascar. Main article: Merina Kingdom. Main articles: Malagasy Protectorate and French Madagascar.
See also: Madagascar in World War II. Main articles: Malagasy Republic , Democratic Republic of Madagascar , and Third Republic of Madagascar.
Main article: Government of Madagascar. Main articles: Politics of Madagascar , Foreign relations of Madagascar , and Human rights in Madagascar.
Main article: Military of Madagascar. Main articles: Regions of Madagascar and Districts of Madagascar. Largest cities or towns in Madagascar According to the Census .
Main articles: Economy of Madagascar and Tourism in Madagascar. Main articles: Transport in Madagascar , Telecommunications in Madagascar , and List of newspapers in Madagascar.
Main article: Healthcare in Madagascar. Main article: Education in Madagascar. Main article: Demographics of Madagascar.
Main article: Ethnic groups of Madagascar. Main articles: Malagasy language and Languages of Madagascar.
Main article: Religion in Madagascar. Roman Catholic Other Christian 1. Folk religions 4. Unaffiliated 6. Main article: Culture of Madagascar.
Main article: Music of Madagascar. Main article: Malagasy cuisine. Madagascar portal. Madagascar Tribune. Archived PDF from the original on 28 June Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 15 July Retrieved 20 September Retrieved 27 February United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs , Population Division.
Retrieved 9 November International Monetary Fund. World Bank. Retrieved 2 March United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 15 December Archived from the original on 7 December Retrieved 10 August Human Molecular Genetics.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 22 February Archived from the original on 25 May Retrieved 31 August Or is it Madagascan?
Our research provides the answer". Retrieved 20 August Department of State. The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 6 January Retrieved 19 March Trends in Ecology and Evolution.
Archived PDF from the original on 9 May Retrieved 11 February Archived from the original on 19 December Retrieved 25 August Archived from the original on 9 November Retrieved 1 February Archived from the original on 30 August Retrieved 31 March Archived from the original on 26 February Retrieved 9 September Biodiversity Hotspots.
Conservation International. Archived from the original on 24 August Origin of the Malagasy Strepshirhine Primates. Plant Ecology and Evolution.
Archived PDF from the original on 31 August Cactus and Succulent Journal. Systematic Biology. Accounts of Chemical Research. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.
Bibcode : PNAS.. Current Medicinal Chemistry. The evolution of drug discovery: From traditional medicines to modern drugs.
American Cancer Society. Retrieved 22 June Alternative and Complementary Therapies. Botanical Miracles: Chemistry of Plants That Changed the World.
CRC Press. Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 14 September Lambahoany Ecotourism Centre. Archived from the original on 13 December Illustrated by S.
Madagascar Madagascar: Operation Penguin Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa Madagascar Kartz The Penguins of Madagascar The Penguins of Madagascar: Dr. Madagascar 3: The Video Game Penguins of Madagascar.
Characters Madagascar Madness Escape from Madagascar King Julien's Theatre in the Wild MAD Jungle Jam Madagascar at Universal Studios Singapore King Julien's Beach Party-Go-Round Madagascar: A Crate Adventure DreamWorks Theatre.
Awards to The Penguins of Madagascar. Annie Award for Best Animated Television Production. Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Children's Animated Program.
The Adventures of Piggley Winks Arthur Curious George WordWorld Curious George The Penguins of Madagascar The Penguins of Madagascar Kung Fu Panda: Legends of Awesomeness Kung Fu Panda: Legends of Awesomeness All Hail King Julien Niko and the Sword of Light Lost in Oz: Extended Adventure SpongeBob SquarePants The Loud House The Dragon Prince Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program.
Halloween Is Grinch Night The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe Carlton Your Doorman Life Is a Circus, Charlie Brown The Grinch Grinches the Cat in the Hat Ziggy's Gift Garfield on the Town Garfield in the Rough Garfield's Halloween Adventure Cathy A Claymation Christmas Celebration Garfield's Babes and Bullets The Simpsons " Life on the Fast Lane " The Simpsons " Homer vs.
The Simpsons " Behind the Laughter " The Simpsons " HOMR " Futurama " Roswell That Ends Well " The Simpsons " Three Gays of the Condo " Samurai Jack "The Birth of Evil" South Park " Best Friends Forever " The Simpsons " The Seemingly Never-Ending Story " South Park " Make Love, Not Warcraft " The Simpsons " Eternal Moonshine of the Simpson Mind " South Park " Margaritaville " Walking with Dinosaurs Allosaurus: A Walking With Dinosaurs Special Walking with Prehistoric Beasts Chased by Dinosaurs Star Wars: Clone Wars Volume 1: Chapters Star Wars: Clone Wars Volume 2: Chapters Before the Dinosaurs Camp Lazlo " Where's Lazlo?
Fry " The Penguins of Madagascar " The Return of the Revenge of Dr. Blowhole " South Park " Raising the Bar " Bob's Burgers " Mazel-Tina " Over the Garden Wall Archer " The Figgis Agency " Bob's Burgers " Bob Actually " Rick and Morty " Pickle Rick " The Simpsons " Mad About the Toy " Rick and Morty " The Vat of Acid Episode " DreamWorks Animation Television.
Spirit Riding Free since The Boss Baby: Back in Business since The Epic Tales of Captain Underpants since Where's Waldo? Toonsylvania —99 Invasion America Alienators: Evolution Continues —02 Father of the Pride —05 The Penguins of Madagascar — Neighbors from Hell Kung Fu Panda: Legends of Awesomeness —16 DreamWorks Dragons —18 Monsters vs.
Aliens —14 Turbo Fast —16 VeggieTales in the House —16 All Hail King Julien —17 The Adventures of Puss in Boots —18 Dinotrux —18 The Mr.
Kipo and the Age of Wonderbeasts Wizards: Tales of Arcadia Former Nickelodeon original programming. Pinwheel — Nickel Flicks — America Goes Bananaz — By the Way Video Comic Book — Hocus Focus — Livewire — First Row Features — Special Delivery — Kids' Writes — Standby Wizard's World — Nick Rocks — Out of Control — National Geographic Explorer — Double Dare —; ; —19 Rated K: For Kids by Kids — Finders Keepers — Don't Just Sit There — Kids' Court — Think Fast — Make the Grade — Hey Dude — Eureeka's Castle — Seuss — The Angry Beavers — Figure It Out —; — The Journey of Allen Strange — CatDog — Oh Yeah!
Cartoons — You're On! Meaty — Wonder Pets! Team Umizoomi — Victorious — Planet Sheen — T. Current original series template Game shows template Made-for-TV films template SNICK and TEENick Guide book Nickelodeon portal.
Categories : Madagascar franchise s Nickelodeon original programming s Nickelodeon original programming s American animated television series s American animated television series American television series debuts American television series endings American children's animated action television series American children's animated adventure television series American children's animated comedy television series American children's animated fantasy television series Animated television shows based on films American computer-animated television series Television series by DreamWorks Animation Animated television series about penguins YTV TV channel original programming Nicktoons Television shows set in New York City Annie Award winners Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program winners English-language television shows Emmy Award-winning programs American animated television spin-offs PBS Kids shows.
Hidden categories: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from June Articles with permanently dead external links Webarchive template wayback links Wikipedia pending changes protected pages Use mdy dates from October All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from October Articles to be expanded from April All articles to be expanded Articles using small message boxes.
Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
Main page Contents Current events Random article About Wikipedia Contact us Donate. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file.
What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Cite this page Wikidata item.
Download as PDF Printable version. Characters by Tom McGrath Eric Darnell. Viacom Media Networks. Nickelodeon —12 Nicktoons — BAFTA .
Madagascar consists of three parallel longitudinal zones—the central plateau, the coastal strip in the east, and the zone of low plateaus and plains in the west.
Situated between 2, and 4, feet and 1, metres above sea level , the plateau has been uplifted and worn down several times and is tilted to the west.
Three massifs are more than 8, feet 2, metres high. The Tsaratanana region in the north is separated from the rest of the plateau by the Tsaratanana Massif , whose summit, Maromokotro, reaches 9, feet 2, metres and is the highest point on the island.
Ankaratra Massif in the centre is an enormous volcanic mass whose summit, Tsiafajavona , is 8, feet 2, metres high.
Ankaratra is a major watershed divide separating three main river basins. The plateau slopes with some regularity toward the extreme southern plain, but its boundaries to the east and west are more abrupt.
To the east it descends in a sharp fault, by vertical steps of 1, to 2, feet to metres. This cliff, which is called the Great Cliff or the Cliff of Angavo, is often impassable and is itself bordered by the Betsimisaraka Escarpment, a second and lower cliff to the east, which overhangs the coastal plain.
Behind the scarp face are the remains of ancient lakes, including one called Alaotra. To the south the two steep gradients meet and form the Mahafaly and the Androy plateaus, which overhang the sea in precipitous cliffs.
Toward the west the descent is made in a series of steps. Kebanyakan tanahnya berwarna merah, menunjukkan keadaan tanah yang telah melapuk.
Akibat isolasi ratusan juta tahun tersebut, flora dan fauna Madagaskar sangat khas dan banyak spesies endemik ditemukan di sana.
Keadaan ini mirip dengan yang terjadi pada Pulau Sulawesi. Manusia pertama yang menghuni Madagaskar berasal dari Nusantara khususnya dari Kalimantan Selatan suku Banjar , dan diperkirakan akibat hubungan dagang masyarakat Nusantara ke pantai timur Afrika pada awal-awal abad Masehi.
Berdasarkan bukti leksiko statistika dan linguistika , bahasa Malagasi masih termasuk paling dekat dengan bahasa Maanyan , dan tergolong rumpun bahasa Austronesia.
Seiring dengan peningkatan perdagangan, masyarakat dari pantai timur Afrika bermigrasi ke pulau ini. Penduduk Madagaskar sekarang adalah campuran dari kedua kelompok tersebut dengan berbagai derajat.
Walaupun berbeda asal usul, semua warga berbicara dengan bahasa yang sama, walaupun berbeda dialek. Dalam Bahasa Malagasi , pulau Madagaskar disebut Madagasikara dan orang-orangnya disebut Malagasi.
Sebutan pulau ini "Madagaskar" tidak berasal dari lokal melainkan dipopulerkan pada Abad Pertengahan oleh Orang Eropa. Dengan luas wilayah Negara daratan terdekat adalah Mozambik , terletak di sebelah barat.
Pecahnya benua prasejarah Gondwana memisahkan Madagaskar-Antartika-India dengan daratan Afrika-Amerika Selatan sekitar juta tahun yang lalu.
Madagaskar kemudian memisahkan diri dari India sekitar 88 juta tahun yang lalu, sehingga tanaman dan hewan di pulau ini berevolusi dalam keadaan yang terisolasi.
Daerah pantai timur pulau merupakan lereng sempit dan curam yang mengandung banyak sisa hutan dataran rendah tropis di pulau ini.
Dataran tinggi di tengah pulau memiliki ketinggian mulai dari sampai 1. Secara historis, wilayah ini merupakan pusat kebudayaan suku Merina di kota Ambohimanga dan juga pusat kerajaan Imerina yang pernah didirikan pada abad ke oleh Andrianampoinimerina.